INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF Á-ARBUTIN ON MELANIN SYNTHESIS IN CULTURED HUMAN MELANOMA CELLS AND A THREE-DIMENSIONAL HUMAN SKIN MODEL.
We studied the inhibitory effects of 4-hydroxyphenyl á-glucopyranoside (á-arbutin) on melanogenesis in cultured human melanoma cells, HMV-II, and in a three-dimensional cultured human skin model. á-Arbutin showed no inhibitory effect on HMV-II cell growth at a concentration below 1.0 mM. Melanin synthesis in cells treated with á-arbutin at 0.5mM decreased to 76% of that in non-treated cells. The cellular tyrosinase activity of HMV-II cells also significantly decreased, while the expression of its mRNA was not affected. Melanin synthesis in a human skin model was also evaluated by the macro- and microscopic observation of its pigmentation as well as by quantitative measurements of melanin. Treatment of the human skin model with 250 µg of á-arbutin did not inhibit cell viability, while melanin synthesis was reduced to 40% of that in the control. These results indicate that á-arbutin is an effective and safe ingredient for skin-lightening.
MEL-300-B, Macroscopic view, Melanin synthesis, MelanoDerm, Melanogenesis, Microscopic view, Skin-lightening, Tyrosinase inhibitors
4-hydroxyphenyl á-glucopyranoside , á-arbutin
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