Immunomodulation of Skin Cytokine Secretion by House Dust Mite Extracts
Background: Skin contact with house dust mites may contribute to atopic dermatitis and other skin diseases. We sought to determine if molecules from house dust mites could influence the release of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines from epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts grown in a human skin equivalent (HSE) model.
Methods: HSEs consisting of an epidermis of keratinocytes with stratum corneum over a dermis of fibroblasts in a collagen matrix were challenged with Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus and Euroglyphus maynei mite extracts.
Results: HSEs secreted interleukin (IL)-1 , IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-6, IL-8, cutaneous T cell-attracting chemokine, transforming growth factor- , granulocyte/macrophage and macrophage colony-stimulating factors and vascular endothelial cell growth factor in response to at least 1 mite extract. Extracts of different mite species stimulated HSEs to release different cytokines. Therefore, extracts of different species contained different molecules or different concentrations of similar molecules. The cytokine release profiles of cells in the HSEs were not the same as for monocultured keratinocytes and fibroblasts.
Conclusions: Molecules of multiple proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines from epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts. Avoiding skin contact with house dust mites would reduce the possibility of mite-induced inflammation in the skin. Therefore, measures to reduce contact with mite molecules such as frequent vacuuming of upholstered furniture and carpets and laundering of clothing and bedding to remove mite molecules and allergens could reduce skin contact with mite molecules and diminish exacerbations of skin inflammation in patients with atopic dermatitis and other skin diseases.
EpiDerm-FT (EFT-400), Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus, Euroglyphus maynei, mite extracts, CTACK, CCL27, TSLP, GRO-a, TGF-a, IL-1a, IL-1b, IL-1ra, IL-3, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p7, IL-15, MCP-1, G-CSF, GM-CSF, M-CSF, VEGF, Eotaxin, SCF, TNF-a, endotoxin, proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, atopic dermatitis
Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus, Euroglyphus maynei, mite extracts
Request a copy of this paper, click here.