Regeneration of collagen fibrils at the papillary dermis by reconstructing basement membrane at the dermal–epidermal junction
The epidermal basement membrane deteriorates with aging. We previously reported that basementmembrane reconstruction not only serves to maintain epidermal stem/progenitor cells in the epidermis, but also increases collagen fibrils in the papillary dermis. Here, we investigated the mechanism of the latter action. Collagen fibrils in the papillary dermis were increased in organotypic human skin culture treated with matrix metalloproteinase and heparinase inhibitors. The expression levels of COL5A1 and COL1A1 genes (encoding collagen type V α 1 chain and collagen type I α 1 chain, respectively) were increased in fibroblasts cultured with conditioned medium from a skin equivalent model cultured with the inhibitors and in keratinocytes cultured on laminin-511 E8 fragment-coated plates. We then examined cytokine expression, and found that the inhibitors increased the expression of PDGF-BB (platelet-derived growth factor consisting of two B subunits) in epidermis. Expression of COL5A1 and COL1A1 genes was increased in cultured fibroblasts stimulated with PDGF-BB. Further, the bifunctional inhibitor hydroxyethyl imidazolidinone (HEI) increased skin elasticity and the thickness of the papillary dermis in the skin equivalent. Taken together, our data suggests that reconstructing the basement membrane promotes secretion of PDGF-BB by epidermal keratinocytes, leading to increased collagen expression at the papillary dermis.
EFT-400, type I procollagen, type I collagen, type III collagen, type V collagen, MMP inhibitor CGS27023A, heparinase inhibitor BIPBIPU, hydroxyethyl imidazolidinone, collagen fibrils, COL1A1, COL3A1, COL5A1B, AR, bFGF, bNGF, EGF, EGFR, FGF-4, FGF-6, FGF-7, GCSF, GDNF, GM-CSF, HB-EGF, HGF, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6, IGF-1, IGF-1 SR, IGF-II, M-CSF, M-CSF R, NT-3, NT-4, PDGFRa, PDGFRb, PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, PDGF-BB, PIGF, SCF, SCFR, TGF-a, TGF-b, TGF-b2, TGF-b3, VEGF, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, VEGF-D, platelet-derived growth factor with B subunits (PDGF-BB), collagen fibrils, conditioned medium
MMP inhibitor, CGS27023A, heparinase inhibitor, BIPBIPU, hydroxyethyl imidazolidinone
Request a copy of this paper, click here.