Nintedanib-Cyclodextrin Complex to Improve Bio-Activity and Intestinal Permeability
Cyclodextrin complex of nintedanib was prepared aiming for increased bio-activity and improved transport across intestinal membrane with reduced p-glycoprotein (p-gp) efflux. Based on preliminary phase solubility studies and molecular modeling, sulfobutyl ether derivative of β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD, Captisol®) was selected to prepare inclusion complex. Complexation was confirmed using FTIR, 1H NMR, DSC, and XRD. Bioactivity of the formed complex was tested using lung fibroblast cells, WI-38 for anti-proliferative activity and effect on collagen deposition and cells migration. In-vitro permeability studies were performed using the EpiIntestinal tissue model to assess the effect of complexation on transport and p-gp efflux. Results of the study demonstrated that cyclodextrin complexation increased stability of nintedanib in PBS (pH 7.4) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). Further, bioactivity of nintedanib also improved. Interestingly, complexation has increased transport of nintedanib across intestinal membrane and reduced efflux ratio, suggesting the role of cyclodextrin complexation in modulating pgp efflux.
p-glycoprotein efflux. intestinal permeability, EpiIntestinal, drug efflux
β-cyclodextrin, nintedanib, simulated intestinal fluid, nintedanib ethanesulfonate
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