Klausner, M., Sheasgreen, J., Kubilus, J., Hayden, P. MatTek Corporation, Ashland, MA.

This study by scientists at MatTek Corp. summarizes MatTek’s 10-plus YEAR EpiOcular in vitro 3-D human corneal tissue equivalent reproducibility data. Long-term reproducibility is important not only to MatTek Customers, but also to European (ECVAM) and US (ICCVAM) regulators. Regulators constantly stress the need for superior reproducibility of in vitro tissue equivalents, not only during a specific validation program, but also long after the initial validation has been completed. The EpiOcular tissue model (OCL-200) is an organotypic model of the human corneal epithelium (HCE) cultured from normal human keratinocytes using serum free medium. Paraffin embedded, H&E stained histology cross-sections show the structure of EpiOcular closely parallels that of the HCE; large nucleated basal cells lie beneath 5-6 stratified cell layers which progressively flatten out, ending with a highly squamous, non-keratinized layer at the tissue’s apical surface. Since commercial introduction in 1995, EpiOcular has been increasingly used by many personal care and household product companies to determine the ocular irritancy of their products without using animals. Currently, validation of the EpiOcular model as a replacement for the Draize rabbit eye test is underway in the US. In addition, a validation study sponsored by ECVAM is scheduled to begin in 2005. For commercial and regulatory purposes, it is very important to know that the model is reproducible both within a given lot and between lots, especially over extended periods. Quality control of weekly batches of EpiOcular is performed using the MTT assay, that historically has been the in vitro endpoint of choice for European and US regulators. The exposure time needed to reduce the viability to 50% (ET-50) for 0.3% Triton X-100 is determined. Yearly average ET-50 values have ranged from 20.6 minutes (2000) to 25.0 minutes (1998). The coefficients of variation (CV) for the negative control tissue (exposed to ultrapure H2O) have averaged under 6% for every year since 1997. In addition, the yearly average CV for all tissues has never exceeded 6.5%. These results over the past 8 years of commercial production show EpiOcular to be a highly reproducible, stable toxicological model that is ideally suited for industrial and regulatory ocular irritancy studies.


3-Dimensional tissue, Air liquid interface (ALI), Draize rabbit eye, ECVAM, ET-50, EpiOcular, GLP, GMP, Good laboratory practice (GLP), Good manufacturing practice (GMP), Human corneal epithelium (HCE), Inter-lot reproducibility, Intra-lot reproducibility, Isopropyl alcohol, MTT, MTT ET-50 assay, Mildness testing, Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK), OCL-200, OECD, Ocular irritancy studies, Ocular irritation validation, Quality control (QC), Reproducible, Triton X-100

Materials Tested

Isopropyl alcohol, Triton X-100

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