Antimelanogenic Efficacy of Melasolv (3,4,5-Trimethoxycinnamate Thymol Ester) in Melanocytes and Three-Dimensional Human Skin Equivalent
Background/Aims: Excessive melanogenesis often causes unaesthetic hyperpigmentation. In a previous report, our group introduced a newly synthesized depigmentary agent, Melasolv TM (3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamate thymol ester). In this study, we demonstrated the significant whitening efficacy of Melasolv using various melanocytes and human skin equi valents as in vitro experimental systems. Methods: The depigmentary effect of Melasolv was tested in melan-a cells (immortalized normal murine melanocytes), α-melanocytestimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated B16 murine melanoma cells, primary normal human melanocytes (NHMs), and human skin equivalent (MelanoDerm). The whitening efficacy of Melasolv was further demonstrated by photography, time-lapse microscopy, Fontana-Masson (F&M) staining, and 2-photon microscopy. Results: Melasolv significantly inhibited melanogenesis in the melan-a and α-MSHstimulated B16 cells. In human systems, Melasolv also clearly showed a whitening effect in NHMs and human skin equivalent, reflecting a decrease in melanin content. F&M staining and 2-photon microscopy revealed that Melasolv suppressed melanin transfer into multiple epidermal layers from melanocytes as well as melanin synthesis in human skin equivalent. Conclusion: Our study showed that Melasolv clearly exerts a whitening effect on various melanocytes and human skin equivalent. These results suggest the possibility that Melasolv can be used as a depigmentary agent to treat pigmentary disorders as well as an active ingredient in cosmetics to increase whitening efficacy.
MelanoDerm (MEL300-B), EPI-100-NMM-113, skin lightening, melanin production, Two-Photon Excitation Fluorescence Imaging, skin brightness measurement (L*), Fontana-Masson (F&M) staining, 2-photon microscopy, melanin imaging
3,4,5-Trimethoxycinnamate Thymol Ester, Melasolv
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